AOP Lirac 

History

In 1936 Chateauneuf du Pape and Tavel was approved by INAO among the first appellations of France. The two appellations were established after several years of discussions among the local winegrowers lead by Baron Pierre Le Roy de Boiseaumarie, the owner of  Chateau Fortia in Chateauneuf du Pape. 
!n 1937 the appellation Côtes du Rhône was approved including wines from other communes in Rhone. Already in 1767 wines shipped from the harbour of Roquemaure were marked CDR to prove the size of the barrels and the authenticity of the wines.

The neighbours of the Tavel appellation also wanted to have an appellation of their own not only including rosé wine but also red and white wine. Lirac had their own "Baron le Roy", the owner of Chateau de Ségriès in Lirac, Comte Henri de Regis de Gatimel. He was the prime mover in shaping the new appellation. The Second World War stopped the creation of an appellation but as soon as the war ended it became a reality.
The local authorities in Uzès approved the rules 11th October 1945.
The appellation was approved by INAO 14th October 1947.

Production area

Vineyards from four communes are included in the appellation: 
Roquemaure, Saint-Laurent-des-Arbres, Saint-Genies-de-Comolas and Lirac

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Commune

Area in km2 Altitude Inh. 2010
Lirac 9,76 88 - 266 882
Roquemaure 26,22 20 - 176 5424
Saint-Genies-de-Comolas 8,26 25 - 176 1850
Saint-Laurent-des-Arbres 16,35 39 - 261 2511

Rules for the appellation  Official rules as changed June 2015

Allowed grapes for white wine
Primary varieties: Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Roussanne.
Secondary varieties: Marsanne, Piquepoul Blanc, Ugni Blanc, Viognier.

Allowed grapes for red and rosé wine
Primary varieties: Cinsault, Grenache, Mourvedre, Syrah.
Secondary varieties: Carignan, Clairette Rose, Counoise, Grenache Gris, Marsanne, Piquepoul Blanc, Piquepoul Noir, Roussanne, Ugni Blanc, Viognier.

Rules for percentages of grape varieties in the producer's vineyards

Lirac Rouge
Grenache Noir has to count for at least 40% of the plantation.
Mourvedre and/or Syrah has to count for at least 25% of the plantation.
The share of Carignan may not exceed 10% of the plantation.
The share of Clairette Rose, Counoise, Grenache Gris and Piquepoul Noir together may not exceed 10% of the plantation.
The share of white varieties m
ay not exceed 5% of the plantation.

Lirac Rosé
Grenache Noir has to count for at least 60% of the plantation.
Mourvedre and/or Syrah has to count for at least 25% of the plantation.
The share of Carignan may not exceed 10% of the plantation.
The share of white varieties may not exceed 20% of the plantation.

Lirac Blanc
A single primary variety may not exceed 60% of the plantation.
A single seconday variety may not exceed 25% of the plantation.
The share of secondary varieties may not exceed 30% of the plantation.

Declared area and yield 2011-2015

Vintage 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Hectares 695 729 782 675 733
Hectolitre 23912 22988 20347 22149 24601
Source: Syndicat des Vignerons des Cotes du Rhone

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The producers of Lirac are organized in Syndicat de l'A.O.C. Lirac.

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The Syndicate established in 2012 has an informativ web site  
and in 2011 a caveau/wine shop, was opened to the north of the village at Chemin des Chênes. Here you can taste and buy the wine from the appellation

Ciffre Clès:
Production: 80% rouge, 10% rosé and 10% blanc.
44 private producers, 18 negociants and 5 cooperatives
57% of the wine is exported. 25% are sold to visitors.


Confrérie des Jaugeurs de Lirac

In 1997 the brotherhood of Lirac Confrérie des Jaugeurs de Lirac was created in connection with the fiftieth anniversary of the appellation. 
The name of the brotherhood refers to the jaugeurs or gauges who in the eighteenth century was to issue certificates of conformity for the barrels and their contents. The consul of Roquemaure officially swore in the Jaugeurs who oversaw the standardization of the permitted capacity.
Like other brotherhoods this one helps to promote the wines of the appellation, organization of parties, meals, tastings, inductions and any other means deemed useful by the great council.

Postal address: Place de la Fontaine 30126 Lirac.
Mail: jaugeurslirac@gmail.com
Tel. +33 610 274 304

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Updated 13-07-2016